Opinion: Science of Climate Change « Bright Shiny Things

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2 citations

THE WEATHER IN NEW SOUTH WALES. THE TERRIBLE HEAT. HEAVY MORTALITY IN TOWN AND COUNTRY. THE DEVASTATION AMONG STOCK. SYDNEY, January 14.

17 January 1896, Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954), page 26

…In January 1896 a savage blast “like a furnace” stretched across Australia from east to west and lasted for weeks. The death toll reached 437 people in the eastern states. Newspaper reports showed that in Bourke the heat approached 120°F (48.9°C) on three days ( 1 )( 2 )( 3 ). It stayed above 100 degrees F (38.8°C) for 24 days straight.…

2 citations

INTENSE HEAT AT BOURKE. THREE MORE DEATHS AND FURTHER SUNSTROKES. BOURKE, Saturday.

20 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 5

…In January 1896 a savage blast “like a furnace” stretched across Australia from east to west and lasted for weeks. The death toll reached 437 people in the eastern states. Newspaper reports showed that in Bourke the heat approached 120°F (48.9°C) on three days ( 1 )( 2 )( 3 ). It stayed above 100 degrees F (38.8°C) for 24 days straight.…

2 citations

THE WEATHER IN THE EASTERN COLONIES. SHADE TEMPERATURE AT BOURKE 120. MORE DEATHS REPORTED. Sydney, January 22.

23 January 1896, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), page 5

…In January 1896 a savage blast “like a furnace” stretched across Australia from east to west and lasted for weeks. The death toll reached 437 people in the eastern states. Newspaper reports showed that in Bourke the heat approached 120°F (48.9°C) on three days ( 1 )( 2 )( 3 ). It stayed above 100 degrees F (38.8°C) for 24 days straight.…

6 citations

The Death Roll. A Melancholy List. Apoplexy, Thirst, and Sunstroke. SYDNEY, Tuesday.

14 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 2

…By Tuesday Jan 14, people were reported falling dead in the streets. Unable to sleep, people in Brewarrina walked the streets at night for hours, the thermometer recording 109F at midnight . Overnight, the temperature did not fall below 103°F. On Jan 18 in Wilcannia, five deaths were recorded in one day, the hospitals were overcrowded and reports said that “more deaths are hourly expected” . By January 24, in Bourke, many businesses had shut down (almost everything bar the hotels). Panic stricken Australians were fleeing to the hills in climate refugee trains.  As reported at the time, the government felt the situation was so serious that to save…

…It got hotter and hotter and the crowded trains ran on more days of the week . The area of exodus was extended to allow not only refugees from western NSW to flee to the Blue Mountains but also people to escape via train from the Riverina to the Snowy Mountains . The stories are heartbreaking. “A child sent to the mountains to escape the city heat died at the moment the train arrived.” “Six infants have died at Goulburn since January 1 through the excessive heat. ” Towns were losing their esteemed, lamenting the loss of the good reverend, or of their well known miners. Children were orphaned.…

3 citations

Thunderstorms and High Temperatures. Alarming Sickness in Many Towns. SYDNEY, Thursday.

23 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 2

…By Tuesday Jan 14, people were reported falling dead in the streets. Unable to sleep, people in Brewarrina walked the streets at night for hours, the thermometer recording 109F at midnight . Overnight, the temperature did not fall below 103°F. On Jan 18 in Wilcannia, five deaths were recorded in one day, the hospitals were overcrowded and reports said that “more deaths are hourly expected” . By January 24, in Bourke, many businesses had shut down (almost everything bar the hotels). Panic stricken Australians were fleeing to the hills in climate refugee trains.  As reported at the time, the government felt the situation was so serious that to save lives and ease the suffering of its citizens they added cheaper train services:…

3 citations

(FROM OUR CORRESPONDENTS.) EXTRAORDINARY HEAT AT WILCANNIA. THERMOMETER 119[?] IN THE SHADE. FIVE DEATHS IN ONE DAY. THE HOSPITAL CROWDED. WILCANNIA, Friday.

18 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 9

…By Tuesday Jan 14, people were reported falling dead in the streets. Unable to sleep, people in Brewarrina walked the streets at night for hours, the thermometer recording 109F at midnight . Overnight, the temperature did not fall below 103°F. On Jan 18 in Wilcannia, five deaths were recorded in one day, the hospitals were overcrowded and reports said that “more deaths are hourly expected” . By January 24, in Bourke, many businesses had shut down (almost everything bar the hotels). Panic stricken Australians were fleeing to the hills in climate refugee trains.  As reported at the time, the government felt the situation was so serious that to save lives and ease the suffering of its citizens they added cheaper train services:…

3 citations

THE HEAT IN NEW SOUTH WALES. AN UNPRECEDENTED RECORD.

24 January 1896, The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), page 2

…By Tuesday Jan 14, people were reported falling dead in the streets. Unable to sleep, people in Brewarrina walked the streets at night for hours, the thermometer recording 109F at midnight . Overnight, the temperature did not fall below 103°F. On Jan 18 in Wilcannia, five deaths were recorded in one day, the hospitals were overcrowded and reports said that “more deaths are hourly expected” . By January 24, in Bourke, many businesses had shut down (almost everything bar the hotels). Panic stricken Australians were fleeing to the hills in climate refugee trains.  As reported at the time, the government felt the situation was so serious that to save lives and ease the suffering of its citizens they added cheaper train services:…

3 citations

THE GREAT HEAT IN NEW SOUTH WALES. NO CHANGE YET. MORE DEATHS REPORTED._ RESIDENTS OF BOURKE PANICSTRICKEN. SYDNEY, TUESDAY.

22 January 1896, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), page 5

…By Tuesday Jan 14, people were reported falling dead in the streets. Unable to sleep, people in Brewarrina walked the streets at night for hours, the thermometer recording 109F at midnight . Overnight, the temperature did not fall below 103°F. On Jan 18 in Wilcannia, five deaths were recorded in one day, the hospitals were overcrowded and reports said that “more deaths are hourly expected” . By January 24, in Bourke, many businesses had shut down (almost everything bar the hotels). Panic stricken Australians were fleeing to the hills in climate refugee trains.  As reported at the time, the government felt the situation was so serious that to save lives and ease the suffering of its citizens they added cheaper train services:…

6 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. CONTINUED HIGH TEMPERATURE 120 DEATHS. RESIDENTS FLEEING TO THE HILLS. (By Telegraph.) SYDNEY, Sunday.

22 January 1896, The North Queensland Register (Townsville, Qld. : 1892 - 1905), page 7

…By Tuesday Jan 14, people were reported falling dead in the streets. Unable to sleep, people in Brewarrina walked the streets at night for hours, the thermometer recording 109F at midnight . Overnight, the temperature did not fall below 103°F. On Jan 18 in Wilcannia, five deaths were recorded in one day, the hospitals were overcrowded and reports said that “more deaths are hourly expected” . By January 24, in Bourke, many businesses had shut down (almost everything bar the hotels). Panic stricken Australians were fleeing to the hills in climate refugee trains.  As reported at the time, the government felt the situation was so serious that to save lives and ease the suffering of its citizens they added cheaper train services:…

…“The Commissioner of Railways promised a deputation of members of Parliament to run a special train every Friday at holiday excursion rates for the next month to enable settlers resident in the Western part of the colony to reach the mountains to escape the great heat prevailing.”   ( Source )…

5 citations

A RUSH TO THE MOUNTAINS. LAWSON, Saturday.

27 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 5

…It got hotter and hotter and the crowded trains ran on more days of the week . The area of exodus was extended to allow not only refugees from western NSW to flee to the Blue Mountains but also people to escape via train from the Riverina to the Snowy Mountains . The stories are heartbreaking. “A child sent to the mountains to escape the city heat died at the moment the train arrived.” “Six infants have died at Goulburn since January 1 through the excessive heat. ” Towns were losing their esteemed, lamenting the loss of the good reverend, or of their well known miners. Children were orphaned.…

5 citations

PHENOMENAL HEAT. ELEVEN MORE DEATHS. BOURKE HOSPITAL CROWDED. BRISBANE, WEDNESDAY.

23 January 1896, Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899), page 6

…It got hotter and hotter and the crowded trains ran on more days of the week . The area of exodus was extended to allow not only refugees from western NSW to flee to the Blue Mountains but also people to escape via train from the Riverina to the Snowy Mountains . The stories are heartbreaking. “A child sent to the mountains to escape the city heat died at the moment the train arrived.” “Six infants have died at Goulburn since January 1 through the excessive heat. ” Towns were losing their esteemed, lamenting the loss of the good reverend, or of their well known miners. Children were orphaned.…

5 citations

EXCURSIONS TO COOL CLIMATES.

25 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 9

…It got hotter and hotter and the crowded trains ran on more days of the week . The area of exodus was extended to allow not only refugees from western NSW to flee to the Blue Mountains but also people to escape via train from the Riverina to the Snowy Mountains . The stories are heartbreaking. “A child sent to the mountains to escape the city heat died at the moment the train arrived.” “Six infants have died at Goulburn since January 1 through the excessive heat. ” Towns were losing their esteemed, lamenting the loss of the good reverend, or of their well known miners. Children were orphaned.…

3 citations

NEW SOUTH WALES. SYDNEY, January 15.

20 January 1896, The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), page 4

…“ A woman has been brought to the Bulli Hospital in a demented condition, suffering from sunstroke.  She was tramping the roads, with her husband, two days before, when she was prostrated by a sunstroke.  Her husband carried her through all the sweltering heat to Bulli, taking two days over the journey .” ( Source ).…

7 citations

MAD FROM THE HEAT. BOURKE, Saturday.

25 January 1896, Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (NSW : 1851 - 1904), page 2

…In 1896 the heat was causing people to faint, become demented and was even blamed for driving people mad . “ Several women fainted in the streets. A little girl, while walking along Surrey Hills, suddenly became demented through the heat .” In Bendigo “ a young man named Edward Swift, hairdresser, was so overcome by the heat that he was unable to work, and in despair shot himself, in the breast. It is a hopeless case .” Longreach “police authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town .” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke…

…even blamed for driving people mad . “ Several women fainted in the streets. A little girl, while walking along Surrey Hills, suddenly became demented through the heat .” In Bendigo “ a young man named Edward Swift, hairdresser, was so overcome by the heat that he was unable to work, and in despair shot himself, in the breast. It is a hopeless case .” Longreach “police authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town .” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town.” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut down three telegraph poles before he was “secured” by police. Presumably the real cause of the madness was something else, but the heat was the last straw. “ Birregurra was stirred from its wanted sleepiness on Saturday evening last by the appearance in the streets of a mad man who caused no small consternation .”  It could be that nuttiness…

…was so overcome by the heat that he was unable to work, and in despair shot himself, in the breast. It is a hopeless case .” Longreach “police authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town .” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town.” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut down three telegraph poles before he was “secured” by police. Presumably the real cause of the madness was something else, but the heat was the last straw. “ Birregurra was stirred from its wanted sleepiness on Saturday evening last by the appearance in the streets of a mad man who caused no small consternation .”  It could be that nuttiness was equally common on other months, or other years. But at the time, people blamed the heat.…

3 citations

The Weather in the Colonies. Great Mortality. Over Eighty More Fatal Cases. BY TELEGRAM. BRISBANE, Wednesday.

21 January 1896, The Western Champion and General Advertiser for the Central-Western Districts (Barcaldine, Qld. : 1892 - 1922), page 8

…In 1896 the heat was causing people to faint, become demented and was even blamed for driving people mad . “ Several women fainted in the streets. A little girl, while walking along Surrey Hills, suddenly became demented through the heat .” In Bendigo “ a young man named Edward Swift, hairdresser, was so overcome by the heat that he was unable to work, and in despair shot himself, in the breast. It is a hopeless case .” Longreach “police authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town .” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town.” “ The…

5 citations

2nd EDITION MINER OFFICE, 4 p.m. THE HEAT WAVE. Effects in Victoria. Suicide at Bendige. [BY TELEGRAPH.] MELBOURNE, Friday.

24 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 4

…In 1896 the heat was causing people to faint, become demented and was even blamed for driving people mad . “ Several women fainted in the streets. A little girl, while walking along Surrey Hills, suddenly became demented through the heat .” In Bendigo “ a young man named Edward Swift, hairdresser, was so overcome by the heat that he was unable to work, and in despair shot himself, in the breast. It is a hopeless case .” Longreach “police authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town .” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town.” “ The bodies of people who…

…– 113½° F ”Two horses dropped dead in the street from the effects of the heat.“ Farina S.A. 22 Jan – 113° F “The temperature of our police cell was 148° several times.” Charleville or Cunnamulla QLD. 22 Jan – 120.5 ° F (116 °F official ) “The average daily temperature from the 1st instant exceeded 114 degrees.” 25 days!! Olary S.A. Thursday, 23 Jan – 116° F “and dust flying in clouds during the afternoon.” Adelaide S.A. 23 Jan – 111° F “Herbert Crown, an ostler at the Langham Hotel, fell down in King William-street this afternoon with sunstroke.” Swan Hill Vic 23 Jan – 116° F “To-day, it is again exceedingly oppressive”.…

3 citations

ARTHUR WHITING'S CASE. THE POLICE REPORT.

30 January 1896, The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), page 6

…In 1896 the heat was causing people to faint, become demented and was even blamed for driving people mad . “ Several women fainted in the streets. A little girl, while walking along Surrey Hills, suddenly became demented through the heat .” In Bendigo “ a young man named Edward Swift, hairdresser, was so overcome by the heat that he was unable to work, and in despair shot himself, in the breast. It is a hopeless case .” Longreach “police authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town .” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town.” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut down three telegraph poles before he was “secured” by police. Presumably the real cause of the madness was something else,…

3 citations

A WELL-KNOWN WINCHELSEA CONTRACTOR DEVELOPS INSANITY. COMMOTION IN THE STREETS OF BIRREGURRA.

10 January 1896, The Colac Herald (Vic. : 1875 - 1918), page 2

…man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town .” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut authorities at Longreach received information that a man who was insane was about fourteen miles out of the town.” “ The bodies of people who die of sunstroke decompose very quickly” .  An axe wielding man in Bourke cut down three telegraph poles before he was “secured” by police. Presumably the real cause of the madness was something else, but the heat was the last straw. “ Birregurra was stirred from its wanted sleepiness on Saturday evening last by the appearance in the streets of a mad man who caused no small consternation .”  It could be that nuttiness was equally common on other months, or other years. But at the time, people blamed the heat.…

3 citations

THE FATAL RESULTS OF THE EXCESSIVE HEAT. DEATH-RATE MORE THAN DOUBLED.

21 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 5

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

3 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. SATURDAY'S TEMPERATURE. ONE HUNDRED AND NINE DEGREES. TWO MORE DEATHS IN THE CITY.

6 January 1896, The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), page 4

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

3 citations

THE HEAT WAVE IN NEW SOUTH WALES. ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY FIVE DEATHS IN SYDNEY. A SLIGHT FALL IN THE TEMPERA[?] TURE. TWENTY-SEVEN DEATHS AT BOURKE. SYDNEY, January 20.

22 January 1896, The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), page 3

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

3 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. PERTH, Monday.

7 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 5

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

3 citations

The Register. ADELAIDE: WEDNESDAY, JAN. 15, 1896. THE HEAT WAVE.

15 January 1896, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), page 4

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

10 citations

MORTALITY IN QUEENSLAND. BRISBANE, Jan. 22.

31 January 1896, The Inquirer and Commercial News (Perth, WA : 1855 - 1901), page 4

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

…– 110° F “ It was thought that the heat had passed, but it was back again to-day “ Brewarrina N.S.W 17 Jan – 122° F “125 deaths attributable to heat apoplexy” (Sydney). West Wyalong N.S.W 17 Jan – 114° F “ The thermometer at the post office “. Nannine W.A. Saturday, Jan 18 – ” After about three weeks of most oppressive heat, with the thermometer frequently registering 120deg. in the shade, the weather has broken .” Farina S.A. Tuesday, Jan 21 – 112.3° F “ Old residents say this is the hottest summer they have ever experienced .” Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ” Two horses dropped dead in style=”FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: calibri; COLOR: #302226″> Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ”Two horses dropped dead in the street from the effects of the heat.“…

…Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ” Two horses dropped dead in style=”FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: calibri; COLOR: #302226″> Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ”Two horses dropped dead in the street from the effects of the heat.“…

…Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ” Two horses dropped dead in style=”FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: calibri; COLOR: #302226″> Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ”Two horses dropped dead in the street from the effects of the heat.“ Farina S.A. 22 Jan – 113° F “The temperature of our police cell was 148° several times.” Charleville or Cunnamulla QLD. 22 Jan – 120.5 ° F (116 °F official ) “The average daily temperature from the 1st instant exceeded 114 degrees.” 25 days!! Olary S.A. Thursday, 23 Jan – 116° F “and dust flying in clouds during the afternoon.” Adelaide S.A. 23 Jan – 111° F “Herbert Crown, an ostler at the Langham Hotel, fell down in King William-street this afternoon with sunstroke.”…

…F (116 °F official ) “The average daily temperature from the 1st instant exceeded 114 degrees.” 25 days!! Olary S.A. Thursday, 23 Jan – 116° F “and dust flying in clouds during the afternoon.” Adelaide S.A. 23 Jan – 111° F “Herbert Crown, an ostler at the Langham Hotel, fell down in King William-street this afternoon with sunstroke.” Swan Hill Vic 23 Jan – 116° F “To-day, it is again exceedingly oppressive”. Farina S.A. 23 Jan – 114.3° F “Five deaths have occurred in the town and one outside“. Mildura Vic 23 Jan – 120° F “PHENOMENAL HEAT IN VICTORIA.“ Broken Hill 23 Jan – 115° F “Dr Enill took the temperature of the body an hour and a hall after death, and found that it was 109¾ .”…

3 citations

HEAT WAVE IN QUEENSLAND. CONTINUANCE OF EXCESSIVE TEMPERATURE. NUMBER OF FURTHER DEATHS.

24 January 1896, The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), page 5

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

5 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. Effects in Victoria. [BY TELEGRAPH.] MELBOURNE, Friday.

25 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 1

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

…King William-street this afternoon with sunstroke.” Swan Hill Vic 23 Jan – 116° F “To-day, it is again exceedingly oppressive”. Farina S.A. 23 Jan – 114.3° F “Five deaths have occurred in the town and one outside“. Mildura Vic 23 Jan – 120° F “PHENOMENAL HEAT IN VICTORIA.“ Broken Hill 23 Jan – 115° F “Dr Enill took the temperature of the body an hour and a hall after death, and found that it was 109¾ .” Halbury S.A. 23 Jan – 118° F “Many children are unwell, and it will go hard with them unless a change soon, comes.”. Rapanyup Vic 23 Jan – 113° F “To-day it is again exceedingly oppressive“.…

3 citations

ANOTHER HEAT WAVE. MELBOURNE, Monday.

25 February 1896, The Western Champion and General Advertiser for the Central-Western Districts (Barcaldine, Qld. : 1892 - 1922), page 9

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

3 citations

UNDER FIRE. [BY TELEGRAPH] SYDNEY, Monday.

27 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 2

…With this and people dropping dead in the streets from Perth through Adelaide to Sydney , the heat wave was described as being universal from west to east . It went north into Queensland and south through Victoria. … twice, by which time Australians considered themselves to be “ Under Fire ”.…

2 citations

Jottings by the Way.

15 August 1896, The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), page 298

…Later in 1896, heat waves also occurred in India, Burma, Borneo , America . (It was bad in New York.  Listen here. ) There was heat in England , Germany and Spain . 1896 was an example of extreme weather. [It was obviously the fault of the evil power stations, eh? Just 14 years earlier, Edison had built the first coal-fired electric generating station. If only people had understood just how dangerous it was. - Jo]…

2 citations

HEAT WAVE IN AMERICA. CONTINUED SEVERITY. LONDON, August 13.

21 August 1896, The Inquirer and Commercial News (Perth, WA : 1855 - 1901), page 14

…Later in 1896, heat waves also occurred in India, Burma, Borneo , America . (It was bad in New York.  Listen here. ) There was heat in England , Germany and Spain . 1896 was an example of extreme weather. [It was obviously the fault of the evil power stations, eh? Just 14 years earlier, Edison had built the first coal-fired electric generating station. If only people had understood just how dangerous it was. - Jo]…

2 citations

GREAT HEAT IN ENGLAND.

3 October 1908, Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954), page 3

…Later in 1896, heat waves also occurred in India, Burma, Borneo , America . (It was bad in New York.  Listen here. ) There was heat in England , Germany and Spain . 1896 was an example of extreme weather. [It was obviously the fault of the evil power stations, eh? Just 14 years earlier, Edison had built the first coal-fired electric generating station. If only people had understood just how dangerous it was. - Jo]…

2 citations

CABLEGRAMS THE VISIT OF THE CHINESE VICEROY TO ENGLAND. LONDON, August 4.

5 August 1896, Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954), page 5

…Later in 1896, heat waves also occurred in India, Burma, Borneo , America . (It was bad in New York.  Listen here. ) There was heat in England , Germany and Spain . 1896 was an example of extreme weather. [It was obviously the fault of the evil power stations, eh? Just 14 years earlier, Edison had built the first coal-fired electric generating station. If only people had understood just how dangerous it was. - Jo]…

2 citations

HEAT-WAVE IN EUROPE. DEATHS FROM SUNSTROKE. LONDON, July 11.

17 July 1896, The Inquirer and Commercial News (Perth, WA : 1855 - 1901), page 13

…Later in 1896, heat waves also occurred in India, Burma, Borneo , America . (It was bad in New York.  Listen here. ) There was heat in England , Germany and Spain . 1896 was an example of extreme weather. [It was obviously the fault of the evil power stations, eh? Just 14 years earlier, Edison had built the first coal-fired electric generating station. If only people had understood just how dangerous it was. - Jo]…

4 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. [BY TELEGRAPH.] A Sydney-side "Black Monday." "A Scorcher" Everywhere. Death and Distress. SYDNEY, Monday.

14 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 2

…Thermometers were non-standardized in 1896. Some of the extraordinary temperatures come from thermometers with descriptions like (“ under passion tree vine .”)  There it got to 123 in Ultimo in Sydney on January 14. Though some thought the vine thermometer was actually more accurate “ namely, that what is known as the true shade is the shade afforded at the Observatory by one of the loveliest little summer-houses, almost buried in foliage, but with lattice-work all round, so that the breeze may play upon the thermometers, but where the sun’s rays can by no means be admitted .”.…

…6 Jan – 113.5° F “ the place occupied by the thermometer being a shadebox such as is used at the Adelaide Observatory. “ Ungarie N.S.W 6 Jan – 125° F “ rural districts do not always recognise the nice distinctions between true shade and other shade .” Farina S.A. Thursday, 9 Jan – 112.3° F Quirindi N.S.W. Monday, 13 Jan – 120° F. Out of 54 temperatures shown on that list only one does not meet the 95° F (35° C) heatwave threshold. Bulli N.S.W. 13 Jan – 115° F “ This has been, the hottest day known “. Kiama N.S.W. 13 Jan – 117° F ” A Scorcher Everywhere. Death and Distress. “…

2 citations

THE WEATHER IN SYDNEY. (Sydney Morning Herald, 14th January).

23 January 1896, Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954), page 6

…Thermometers were non-standardized in 1896. Some of the extraordinary temperatures come from thermometers with descriptions like (“ under passion tree vine .”)  There it got to 123 in Ultimo in Sydney on January 14. Though some thought the vine thermometer was actually more accurate “ namely, that what is known as the true shade is the shade afforded at the Observatory by one of the loveliest little summer-houses, almost buried in foliage, but with lattice-work all round, so that the breeze may play upon the thermometers, but where the sun’s rays can by no means be admitted .”.…

6 citations

PHENOMENAL HEAT IN VICTORIA. MELBOURNE, Thursday.

24 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 5

…The Wiki page associated with the above map, makes claims like “January 7th 45.2° C (113.4° F) – Hottest day recorded in Wagga Wagga since records began in 1941”. Records did not begin in Wagga in 1941. That was just when they began at the airport. In 1896 the temperature in Wagga Wagga got to 116.5° F or 46.9° C . It also points out that Melbourne for three days in a row had temperatures peak above 43° C. This is nearly the same temperature (109° F) that by midnight of the 22 Jan 1896 Brewarrina got down to .…

…several times.” Charleville or Cunnamulla QLD. 22 Jan – 120.5 ° F (116 °F official ) “The average daily temperature from the 1st instant exceeded 114 degrees.” 25 days!! Olary S.A. Thursday, 23 Jan – 116° F “and dust flying in clouds during the afternoon.” Adelaide S.A. 23 Jan – 111° F “Herbert Crown, an ostler at the Langham Hotel, fell down in King William-street this afternoon with sunstroke.” Swan Hill Vic 23 Jan – 116° F “To-day, it is again exceedingly oppressive”. Farina S.A. 23 Jan – 114.3° F “Five deaths have occurred in the town and one outside“. Mildura Vic 23 Jan – 120° F “PHENOMENAL HEAT IN VICTORIA.“…

…121°F at Namagee N.S.W. “There is no appearance of a change“.…

2 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. CONTINUED HOT WEATHER IN NEW SOUTH WALES. MANY MOKE DEATHS. A VIOLENT THUNDER STORM. Sydney, Jan 23.

24 January 1896, The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950), page 6

…The Wiki page associated with the above map, makes claims like “January 7th 45.2° C (113.4° F) – Hottest day recorded in Wagga Wagga since records began in 1941”. Records did not begin in Wagga in 1941. That was just when they began at the airport. In 1896 the temperature in Wagga Wagga got to 116.5° F or 46.9° C . It also points out that Melbourne for three days in a row had temperatures peak above 43° C. This is nearly the same temperature (109° F) that by midnight of the 22 Jan 1896 Brewarrina got down to .…

12 citations

GERALDTON. A RECORD PUT UP. A CHILD SUCCUMBS TO THE HEAT. GERALDTON, January 5.

6 January 1896, The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), page 5

…they began at the airport. In 1896 the temperature in Wagga Wagga got to 116.5° F or 46.9° C . It also points out that Melbourne for three days in a row had temperatures peak above 43° C. This is nearly the same temperature (109° F) that by midnight of the 22 Jan 1896 Brewarrina got down to . How widespread was the heat in 1896? Please note: As well as the caveats mentioned above, the dates given below may be inaccurate and the modern Australian definition of a heatwave  may not have been met in all locations. This widespread: Yalgoo W.A. Dec  25 1895 122° or 127° F “ the Emerald Hotel, an iron structure ” or at the Court House ” The latter structure is a ” wooden frame with duck covering .”;  Marra station N.S.W . 130 F on Jan 21. The link shows a full months record. “The figures were the readings of three different glasses, which were hung in the front verandah at the Marra, station, and were placed out from the wall on a frame to allow the air to get round them, thereby preventing the heat from the wall affecting the instruments.” ; Berlino…

…‘For the last month the heat here has been excessive. The lowest the glass has registered in the shade, a good canegrass shed, has been 108°. On three different days it showed 118°, and three times 116°, the average for the last month having been 113° .”; Cockburn S.A. 122° F  Jan 25 (but measured in the general store); Near Cobar at Paddington station around the same “days it rose to 120deg. and 123deg., on a cool verandah, It seems almost incredible, but one night we looked to see what it was at 11 o’clock, and it registered 106deg.”. Plus Geraldton W.A. Wednesday, 1 Jan 1896 – 114° F “ at Geraldton observatory “.…

…has registered in the shade, a good canegrass shed, has been 108°. On three different days it showed 118°, and three times 116°, the average for the last month having been 113° .”; Cockburn S.A. 122° F  Jan 25 (but measured in the general store); Near Cobar at Paddington station around the same “days it rose to 120deg. and 123deg., on a cool verandah, It seems almost incredible, but one night we looked to see what it was at 11 o’clock, and it registered 106deg.”. Plus Geraldton W.A. Wednesday, 1 Jan 1896 – 114° F “ at Geraldton observatory “. Geraldton W.A. Thursday, 2 Jan – 115° F “ A child succumbs to the heat. ” at “ Northampton, where the thermometer ranged even higher than at Geraldton .”…

…it was at 11 o’clock, and it registered 106deg.”. Plus Geraldton W.A. Wednesday, 1 Jan 1896 – 114° F “ at Geraldton observatory “. Geraldton W.A. Thursday, 2 Jan – 115° F “ A child succumbs to the heat. ” at “ Northampton, where the thermometer ranged even higher than at Geraldton .” Geraldton W.A. Friday, 3 Jan – 125° F most papers, 115 ° F in some (possibly a date error as it matches the previous day). Perth W.A. 3 Jan – 112° F ” Five deaths have been reported in the city on account of the great heat.” Mullewa W.A. 3 Jan – 121° F “ The town has been enveloped in clouds of dust.”and “crowds of people have bad to sleep out of doors. Water is very scarce .”…

…“ A child succumbs to the heat. ” at “ Northampton, where the thermometer ranged even higher than at Geraldton .” Geraldton W.A. Friday, 3 Jan – 125° F most papers, 115 ° F in some (possibly a date error as it matches the previous day). Perth W.A. 3 Jan – 112° F ” Five deaths have been reported in the city on account of the great heat.” Mullewa W.A. 3 Jan – 121° F “ The town has been enveloped in clouds of dust.”and “crowds of people have bad to sleep out of doors. Water is very scarce .” Carnarvon W.A. 3 Jan – 121° F Brick House station “ It is farther reported that the mercury has been up as high as 125 in the shade there .”…

…previous day). Perth W.A. 3 Jan – 112° F ” Five deaths have been reported in the city on account of the great heat.” Mullewa W.A. 3 Jan – 121° F “ The town has been enveloped in clouds of dust.”and “crowds of people have bad to sleep out of doors. Water is very scarce .” Carnarvon W.A. 3 Jan – 121° F Brick House station “ It is farther reported that the mercury has been up as high as 125 in the shade there .” Pinjarrah W.A. 3 Jan – 114° F followed by a minimum of 97° F. Southern Cross W.A. Week ending 5 Jan – ” averaged 115deg .” “ It has often been as high as 122deg .” Mr Mkay died in his office chair of heat apoplexy.…

2 citations

THE HEAT ON MARRA.

12 February 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 3

…Yalgoo W.A. Dec  25 1895 122° or 127° F “ the Emerald Hotel, an iron structure ” or at the Court House ” The latter structure is a ” wooden frame with duck covering .”;  Marra station N.S.W . 130 F on Jan 21. The link shows a full months record. “The figures were the readings of three different glasses, which were hung in the front verandah at the Marra, station, and were placed out from the wall on a frame to allow the air to get round them, thereby preventing the heat from the wall affecting the instruments.” ; Berlino S.A. 130° F  Jan 22. The thermometer “ hangs on a stone house with a thickly thatched verandah facing West ” … “ never reached by the sun “. From Jan 5 to Jan 13, Berlino recorded…

2 citations

THE WESTERN GOLDFIELD AND THEIR CRITICS.

22 January 1896, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), page 4

…Yalgoo W.A. Dec  25 1895 122° or 127° F “ the Emerald Hotel, an iron structure ” or at the Court House ” The latter structure is a ” wooden frame with duck covering .”;  Marra station N.S.W . 130 F on Jan 21. The link shows a full months record. “The figures were the readings of three different glasses, which were hung in the front verandah at the Marra, station, and were placed out from the wall on a frame to allow the air to get round them, thereby preventing the heat from the wall affecting the instruments.” ; Berlino S.A. 130° F  Jan 22. The thermometer “ hangs on a stone house with a thickly thatched verandah facing West ” … “ never reached by the sun “. From Jan 5 to Jan 13, Berlino recorded many temperatures of 118° – 130° F; Kopperamanna Bore, via Hergott Springs S.A. “ under date of January 23 : — ‘For the last month the heat here has been excessive. The lowest the glass has registered in the shade, a good canegrass shed, has been 108°. On three different days it showed 118°, and three times 116°, the average for the last…

2 citations

Current Topics.

1 February 1896, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), page 10

…link shows a full months record. “The figures were the readings of three different glasses, which were hung in the front verandah at the Marra, station, and were placed out from the wall on a frame to allow the air to get round them, thereby preventing the heat from the wall affecting the instruments.” ; Berlino S.A. 130° F  Jan 22. The thermometer “ hangs on a stone house with a thickly thatched verandah facing West ” … “ never reached by the sun “. From Jan 5 to Jan 13, Berlino recorded many temperatures of 118° – 130° F; Kopperamanna Bore, via Hergott Springs S.A. “ under date of January 23 : — ‘For the last month the heat here has been excessive. The lowest the glass has registered in the shade, a good canegrass shed, has been 108°. On three different days it showed 118°, and three times 116°, the average for the last month having been 113° .”; Cockburn S.A. 122° F  Jan 25 (but measured in the general store); Near Cobar at Paddington station around the same “days it rose to 120deg. and 123deg., on a cool verandah, It seems almost incredible, but one night we looked to see what it…

2 citations

WEATHER IN THE COUNTRY. HEAT AND RAIN. SOME HIGH RECORDS.

25 January 1896, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), page 5

…The thermometer “ hangs on a stone house with a thickly thatched verandah facing West ” … “ never reached by the sun “. From Jan 5 to Jan 13, Berlino recorded many temperatures of 118° – 130° F; Kopperamanna Bore, via Hergott Springs S.A. “ under date of January 23 : — ‘For the last month the heat here has been excessive. The lowest the glass has registered in the shade, a good canegrass shed, has been 108°. On three different days it showed 118°, and three times 116°, the average for the last month having been 113° .”; Cockburn S.A. 122° F  Jan 25 (but measured in the general store); Near Cobar at Paddington station around the same “days it rose to 120deg. and 123deg., on a cool verandah, It seems almost incredible, but one night we looked to see what it was at 11 o’clock, and it registered 106deg.”.…

2 citations

The Heat Wave." Out back"

22 February 1896, Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954), page 3

…” … “ never reached by the sun “. From Jan 5 to Jan 13, Berlino recorded many temperatures of 118° – 130° F; Kopperamanna Bore, via Hergott Springs S.A. “ under date of January 23 : — ‘For the last month the heat here has been excessive. The lowest the glass has registered in the shade, a good canegrass shed, has been 108°. On three different days it showed 118°, and three times 116°, the average for the last month having been 113° .”; Cockburn S.A. 122° F  Jan 25 (but measured in the general store); Near Cobar at Paddington station around the same “days it rose to 120deg. and 123deg., on a cool verandah, It seems almost incredible, but one night we looked to see what it was at 11 o’clock, and it registered 106deg.”.…

4 citations

Bush Fires in Victoria. A Big Mining Plant Caught by the Flames. MELBOURNE, Tuesday.

7 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 2

…having been 113° .”; Cockburn S.A. 122° F  Jan 25 (but measured in the general store); Near Cobar at Paddington station around the same “days it rose to 120deg. and 123deg., on a cool verandah, It seems almost incredible, but one night we looked to see what it was at 11 o’clock, and it registered 106deg.”. Plus Geraldton W.A. Wednesday, 1 Jan 1896 – 114° F “ at Geraldton observatory “. Geraldton W.A. Thursday, 2 Jan – 115° F “ A child succumbs to the heat. ” at “ Northampton, where the thermometer ranged even higher than at Geraldton .” Geraldton W.A. Friday, 3 Jan – 125° F most papers, 115 ° F in some (possibly a date error as it matches the previous day).…

…it rose to 120deg. and 123deg., on a cool verandah, It seems almost incredible, but one night we looked to see what it was at 11 o’clock, and it registered 106deg.”. Plus Geraldton W.A. Wednesday, 1 Jan 1896 – 114° F “ at Geraldton observatory “. Geraldton W.A. Thursday, 2 Jan – 115° F “ A child succumbs to the heat. ” at “ Northampton, where the thermometer ranged even higher than at Geraldton .” Geraldton W.A. Friday, 3 Jan – 125° F most papers, 115 ° F in some (possibly a date error as it matches the previous day). Perth W.A. 3 Jan – 112° F ” Five deaths have been reported in the city on account of the great heat.”…

2 citations

THE WEATHER.

6 January 1896, The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), page 4

…Geraldton W.A. Friday, 3 Jan – 125° F most papers, 115 ° F in some (possibly a date error as it matches the previous day).…

4 citations

PINJARRAH. PINJARRAH, January 5.

6 January 1896, The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), page 5

…papers, 115 ° F in some (possibly a date error as it matches the previous day). Perth W.A. 3 Jan – 112° F ” Five deaths have been reported in the city on account of the great heat.” Mullewa W.A. 3 Jan – 121° F “ The town has been enveloped in clouds of dust.”and “crowds of people have bad to sleep out of doors. Water is very scarce .” Carnarvon W.A. 3 Jan – 121° F Brick House station “ It is farther reported that the mercury has been up as high as 125 in the shade there .” Pinjarrah W.A. 3 Jan – 114° F followed by a minimum of 97° F.…

…The town has been enveloped in clouds of dust.”and “crowds of people have bad to sleep out of doors. Water is very scarce .” Carnarvon W.A. 3 Jan – 121° F Brick House station “ It is farther reported that the mercury has been up as high as 125 in the shade there .” Pinjarrah W.A. 3 Jan – 114° F followed by a minimum of 97° F. Southern Cross W.A. Week ending 5 Jan – ” averaged 115deg .” “ It has often been as high as 122deg .” Mr Mkay died in his office chair of heat apoplexy. Cue W.A. Sunday, 5 Jan – ” Three weeks of uninterrupted excesive heat “ ” each day exceeded 105 “ ” on two occasions reaching 118. “…

4 citations

UNPLEASANT EXPERIENCES. HEW SOUTH WALES BUSH FIRES. Sydney, January 6.

11 January 1896, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), page 22

…Jan – 121° F Brick House station “ It is farther reported that the mercury has been up as high as 125 in the shade there .” Pinjarrah W.A. 3 Jan – 114° F followed by a minimum of 97° F. Southern Cross W.A. Week ending 5 Jan – ” averaged 115deg .” “ It has often been as high as 122deg .” Mr Mkay died in his office chair of heat apoplexy. Cue W.A. Sunday, 5 Jan – ” Three weeks of uninterrupted excesive heat “ ” each day exceeded 105 “ ” on two occasions reaching 118. “ Wilcannia N.S.W. Monday, 6 Jan – 117° F “ Wyalong follows close with 114°. Then come Nowra and Corowa with 112.”…

…“. Bourke N.S.W. 6 Jan – ” The fact is that out of 93 weather telegrams sent in, 64 gave temperatures ranging from 100° at Cooma, Tabulam, Tenterfield, and a few other places, up to 118° in the shade recorded at Brewarrina and at Bourke. There were 22 stations which reported temperatures ranging from 110° to 118° inclusive. “ Canowindra N.S.W. 6 Jan – 114° F “ Reaching the highest point on record “. Farina S.A. 6 Jan – 113.5° F “ the place occupied by the thermometer being a shadebox such as is used at the Adelaide Observatory. “ Ungarie N.S.W 6 Jan – 125° F “ rural districts do not always recognise the nice distinctions between true shade and other shade .”…

2 citations

Stock Movements and State of the Country.

11 January 1896, The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939), page 56

…125 in the shade there .” Pinjarrah W.A. 3 Jan – 114° F followed by a minimum of 97° F. Southern Cross W.A. Week ending 5 Jan – ” averaged 115deg .” “ It has often been as high as 122deg .” Mr Mkay died in his office chair of heat apoplexy. Cue W.A. Sunday, 5 Jan – ” Three weeks of uninterrupted excesive heat “ ” each day exceeded 105 “ ” on two occasions reaching 118. “ Wilcannia N.S.W. Monday, 6 Jan – 117° F “ Wyalong follows close with 114°. Then come Nowra and Corowa with 112.” Isisford Qld. 6 Jan – 112° F ” The Government Astronomer states that the high temperature has been caused by a heat wave which has come across the continent from Port Darwin, “.…

2 citations

THE WEATHER. THE RECENT EXCESSIVE HEAT IN THE COUNTRY. YESTERDAY'S THUNDERSTORMS. NORTHERN COASTAL WIRES INTERRUPTED.

8 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 5

…It has often been as high as 122deg .” Mr Mkay died in his office chair of heat apoplexy. Cue W.A. Sunday, 5 Jan – ” Three weeks of uninterrupted excesive heat “ ” each day exceeded 105 “ ” on two occasions reaching 118. “ Wilcannia N.S.W. Monday, 6 Jan – 117° F “ Wyalong follows close with 114°. Then come Nowra and Corowa with 112.” Isisford Qld. 6 Jan – 112° F ” The Government Astronomer states that the high temperature has been caused by a heat wave which has come across the continent from Port Darwin, “. Bourke N.S.W. 6 Jan – ” The fact is that out of 93 weather telegrams sent in, 64 gave temperatures ranging from 100° at Cooma, Tabulam, Tenterfield, and a few other places, up to 118° in the shade recorded at Brewarrina and at Bourke. There were 22 stations which reported temperatures ranging from 110° to 118° inclusive. “…

2 citations

(FROM OUR CORRESPONDENTS.) DISASTROUS BUSH FIRES. MELBOURNE, Monday.

7 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 5

…with 114°. Then come Nowra and Corowa with 112.” Isisford Qld. 6 Jan – 112° F ” The Government Astronomer states that the high temperature has been caused by a heat wave which has come across the continent from Port Darwin, “. Bourke N.S.W. 6 Jan – ” The fact is that out of 93 weather telegrams sent in, 64 gave temperatures ranging from 100° at Cooma, Tabulam, Tenterfield, and a few other places, up to 118° in the shade recorded at Brewarrina and at Bourke. There were 22 stations which reported temperatures ranging from 110° to 118° inclusive. “ Canowindra N.S.W. 6 Jan – 114° F “ Reaching the highest point on record “.…

10 citations

No title

5 February 1896, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), page 5

…F ” The Government Astronomer states that the high temperature has been caused by a heat wave which has come across the continent from Port Darwin, “. Bourke N.S.W. 6 Jan – ” The fact is that out of 93 weather telegrams sent in, 64 gave temperatures ranging from 100° at Cooma, Tabulam, Tenterfield, and a few other places, up to 118° in the shade recorded at Brewarrina and at Bourke. There were 22 stations which reported temperatures ranging from 110° to 118° inclusive. “ Canowindra N.S.W. 6 Jan – 114° F “ Reaching the highest point on record “. Farina S.A. 6 Jan – 113.5° F “ the place occupied by the thermometer being a shadebox such as is used at the Adelaide Observatory. “…

…at Cooma, Tabulam, Tenterfield, and a few other places, up to 118° in the shade recorded at Brewarrina and at Bourke. There were 22 stations which reported temperatures ranging from 110° to 118° inclusive. “ Canowindra N.S.W. 6 Jan – 114° F “ Reaching the highest point on record “. Farina S.A. 6 Jan – 113.5° F “ the place occupied by the thermometer being a shadebox such as is used at the Adelaide Observatory. “ Ungarie N.S.W 6 Jan – 125° F “ rural districts do not always recognise the nice distinctions between true shade and other shade .” Farina S.A. Thursday, 9 Jan – 112.3° F…

…Camden N.S.W.  Tuesday, 14 Jan – 123°F ” Great Heat Wave ” “ LIST OF CASUALTIES .” Araluen N.S.W. Friday, 17 Jan – 110° F “ It was thought that the heat had passed, but it was back again to-day “ Brewarrina N.S.W 17 Jan – 122° F “125 deaths attributable to heat apoplexy” (Sydney). West Wyalong N.S.W 17 Jan – 114° F “ The thermometer at the post office “. Nannine W.A. Saturday, Jan 18 – ” After about three weeks of most oppressive heat, with the thermometer frequently registering 120deg. in the shade, the weather has broken .” Farina S.A. Tuesday, Jan 21 – 112.3° F “ Old residents say this is the hottest summer they have ever experienced .”…

…thermometer at the post office “. Nannine W.A. Saturday, Jan 18 – ” After about three weeks of most oppressive heat, with the thermometer frequently registering 120deg. in the shade, the weather has broken .” Farina S.A. Tuesday, Jan 21 – 112.3° F “ Old residents say this is the hottest summer they have ever experienced .” Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ” Two horses dropped dead in style=”FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: calibri; COLOR: #302226″> Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ”Two horses dropped dead in the street from the effects of the heat.“ Farina S.A. 22 Jan – 113° F “The temperature of our police cell was 148° several times.”…

…the heat.“ Farina S.A. 22 Jan – 113° F “The temperature of our police cell was 148° several times.” Charleville or Cunnamulla QLD. 22 Jan – 120.5 ° F (116 °F official ) “The average daily temperature from the 1st instant exceeded 114 degrees.” 25 days!! Olary S.A. Thursday, 23 Jan – 116° F “and dust flying in clouds during the afternoon.” Adelaide S.A. 23 Jan – 111° F “Herbert Crown, an ostler at the Langham Hotel, fell down in King William-street this afternoon with sunstroke.” Swan Hill Vic 23 Jan – 116° F “To-day, it is again exceedingly oppressive”. Farina S.A. 23 Jan – 114.3° F “Five deaths have occurred in the town and one outside“.…

2 citations

MONDAY'S HEAT RECORD.

18 January 1896, Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW : 1870 - 1907), page 14

…places, up to 118° in the shade recorded at Brewarrina and at Bourke. There were 22 stations which reported temperatures ranging from 110° to 118° inclusive. “ Canowindra N.S.W. 6 Jan – 114° F “ Reaching the highest point on record “. Farina S.A. 6 Jan – 113.5° F “ the place occupied by the thermometer being a shadebox such as is used at the Adelaide Observatory. “ Ungarie N.S.W 6 Jan – 125° F “ rural districts do not always recognise the nice distinctions between true shade and other shade .” Farina S.A. Thursday, 9 Jan – 112.3° F Quirindi N.S.W. Monday, 13 Jan – 120° F. Out of 54 temperatures shown on that list only one does not meet the 95° F (35° C) heatwave threshold.…

2 citations

THE HEAT IN QUEENSLAND. BRISBANE, Monday.

14 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 5

…N.S.W. 6 Jan – 114° F “ Reaching the highest point on record “. Farina S.A. 6 Jan – 113.5° F “ the place occupied by the thermometer being a shadebox such as is used at the Adelaide Observatory. “ Ungarie N.S.W 6 Jan – 125° F “ rural districts do not always recognise the nice distinctions between true shade and other shade .” Farina S.A. Thursday, 9 Jan – 112.3° F Quirindi N.S.W. Monday, 13 Jan – 120° F. Out of 54 temperatures shown on that list only one does not meet the 95° F (35° C) heatwave threshold. Bulli N.S.W. 13 Jan – 115° F “ This has been, the hottest day known “.…

2 citations

THE HEAT WAVE Effects in Town and District. Numerous Deaths Reported. Fruit Broiled on the Trees. Birds and Animals Drop Dead. How and What the People Drank.

18 January 1896, The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (Parramatta, NSW : 1888 - 1950), page 4

…such as is used at the Adelaide Observatory. “ Ungarie N.S.W 6 Jan – 125° F “ rural districts do not always recognise the nice distinctions between true shade and other shade .” Farina S.A. Thursday, 9 Jan – 112.3° F Quirindi N.S.W. Monday, 13 Jan – 120° F. Out of 54 temperatures shown on that list only one does not meet the 95° F (35° C) heatwave threshold. Bulli N.S.W. 13 Jan – 115° F “ This has been, the hottest day known “. Kiama N.S.W. 13 Jan – 117° F ” A Scorcher Everywhere. Death and Distress. “ Parramatta N.S.W. 13 Jan – 111 ° F “ Fruit Broiled on the Trees .” “ Birds and Animals Drop Dead .”…

2 citations

Great Heat Wave. NEW SOUTH WALES RECORDS. 123 IN SHADE AT CAMDEN. NUMEROUS DEATHS. LIST OF CASUALTIES. BUSH FIRES. SYDNEY, January 13.

18 January 1896, Warwick Argus (Qld. : 1879 - 1901), page 4

…recognise the nice distinctions between true shade and other shade .” Farina S.A. Thursday, 9 Jan – 112.3° F Quirindi N.S.W. Monday, 13 Jan – 120° F. Out of 54 temperatures shown on that list only one does not meet the 95° F (35° C) heatwave threshold. Bulli N.S.W. 13 Jan – 115° F “ This has been, the hottest day known “. Kiama N.S.W. 13 Jan – 117° F ” A Scorcher Everywhere. Death and Distress. “ Parramatta N.S.W. 13 Jan – 111 ° F “ Fruit Broiled on the Trees .” “ Birds and Animals Drop Dead .” Camden N.S.W.  Tuesday, 14 Jan – 123°F ” Great Heat Wave ” “ LIST OF CASUALTIES .”…

4 citations

EXCESSIVE HEAT ON THE WYALONG GOLDFIELDS. WEST WYALONG, Friday.

18 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 9

…112.3° F Quirindi N.S.W. Monday, 13 Jan – 120° F. Out of 54 temperatures shown on that list only one does not meet the 95° F (35° C) heatwave threshold. Bulli N.S.W. 13 Jan – 115° F “ This has been, the hottest day known “. Kiama N.S.W. 13 Jan – 117° F ” A Scorcher Everywhere. Death and Distress. “ Parramatta N.S.W. 13 Jan – 111 ° F “ Fruit Broiled on the Trees .” “ Birds and Animals Drop Dead .” Camden N.S.W.  Tuesday, 14 Jan – 123°F ” Great Heat Wave ” “ LIST OF CASUALTIES .” Araluen N.S.W. Friday, 17 Jan – 110° F “ It was thought that the heat had passed, but it was back again to-day “…

…This has been, the hottest day known “. Kiama N.S.W. 13 Jan – 117° F ” A Scorcher Everywhere. Death and Distress. “ Parramatta N.S.W. 13 Jan – 111 ° F “ Fruit Broiled on the Trees .” “ Birds and Animals Drop Dead .” Camden N.S.W.  Tuesday, 14 Jan – 123°F ” Great Heat Wave ” “ LIST OF CASUALTIES .” Araluen N.S.W. Friday, 17 Jan – 110° F “ It was thought that the heat had passed, but it was back again to-day “ Brewarrina N.S.W 17 Jan – 122° F “125 deaths attributable to heat apoplexy” (Sydney). West Wyalong N.S.W 17 Jan – 114° F “ The thermometer at the post office “.…

2 citations

PHENOMENAL HEAT. ITS CONTINUANCE IN NEW SOUTH WALES. HEAVY MORTUARY RETURNS. 125 DEATHS ATTRIBUTABLE TO HEAT APOPLEXY. SYDNEY, SATURDAY.

22 January 1896, Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899), page 5

…95° F (35° C) heatwave threshold. Bulli N.S.W. 13 Jan – 115° F “ This has been, the hottest day known “. Kiama N.S.W. 13 Jan – 117° F ” A Scorcher Everywhere. Death and Distress. “ Parramatta N.S.W. 13 Jan – 111 ° F “ Fruit Broiled on the Trees .” “ Birds and Animals Drop Dead .” Camden N.S.W.  Tuesday, 14 Jan – 123°F ” Great Heat Wave ” “ LIST OF CASUALTIES .” Araluen N.S.W. Friday, 17 Jan – 110° F “ It was thought that the heat had passed, but it was back again to-day “ Brewarrina N.S.W 17 Jan – 122° F “125 deaths attributable to heat apoplexy” (Sydney).…

2 citations

HEAVY RAINS ON THE MURCHISON. COMPLETE BREAK UP OF THE DROUGHT. THE ORD AND MURCHISON RIVERS DOWN BANKERS. NANNINE, January 18.

24 January 1896, Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954), page 11

…A Scorcher Everywhere. Death and Distress. “ Parramatta N.S.W. 13 Jan – 111 ° F “ Fruit Broiled on the Trees .” “ Birds and Animals Drop Dead .” Camden N.S.W.  Tuesday, 14 Jan – 123°F ” Great Heat Wave ” “ LIST OF CASUALTIES .” Araluen N.S.W. Friday, 17 Jan – 110° F “ It was thought that the heat had passed, but it was back again to-day “ Brewarrina N.S.W 17 Jan – 122° F “125 deaths attributable to heat apoplexy” (Sydney). West Wyalong N.S.W 17 Jan – 114° F “ The thermometer at the post office “. Nannine W.A. Saturday, Jan 18 – ” After about three weeks of most oppressive heat, with the thermometer frequently registering 120deg. in the shade, the weather has broken .”…

6 citations

The Heat Wave Still Continues. Death Rate Alarming. BRISBANE, Monday.

28 January 1896, The Western Champion and General Advertiser for the Central-Western Districts (Barcaldine, Qld. : 1892 - 1922), page 9

…of most oppressive heat, with the thermometer frequently registering 120deg. in the shade, the weather has broken .” Farina S.A. Tuesday, Jan 21 – 112.3° F “ Old residents say this is the hottest summer they have ever experienced .” Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ” Two horses dropped dead in style=”FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: calibri; COLOR: #302226″> Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ”Two horses dropped dead in the street from the effects of the heat.“ Farina S.A. 22 Jan – 113° F “The temperature of our police cell was 148° several times.” Charleville or Cunnamulla QLD. 22 Jan – 120.5 ° F (116 °F official ) “The average daily temperature from the 1st instant exceeded 114 degrees.” 25 days!!…

…the colony.”(Victoria). Bega N.S.W. 23 Jan – 113° F “The minimum heat during last night was 73 .. To-day the heat was terrific In the true shade the reading was 113 at 2pm“. Geelong Vic 23 Jan – 110° F ” Largely due to a burning north-west wind.“ Hergott Springs S.A. 23 Jan “On three different days it showed 118° and three times 116°, the average for the last month having been 113°F. “ Grenfell and Ivanhoe N.S.W. 23 Jan – 122 ° F “At Ivanhoe the heat was so intense that the mail horses fell dead on the road.” Charleville / Cunnamulla QLD. Friday, 24 Jan – 126/5° F “The official readings at the Post Office are lower; but the instruments used are placed in a thickly-planted garden which has been heavily irrigated during the last week,” So at which town was this garden and non stevenson screen recording? The clue is in the name “Grosvenor” here .…

…of 111 degs. in the shade, on Wednesday 116 degs., and to-day 117 degs. On Wednesday at midnight, the high temperature of 99 degs. was recorded.” Isisford QLD 24 Jan – “The thermometer on Monday rose to 114 degs., on Tuesday to 112 degs., on “Wednesday 115 degs., and to-day 118 degs. The country is very bare and the water is giving out fast.” Wilcannia N.S.W 24 Jan – 123° F “not a breath of wind was stirring during the night”. Hillston N.S.W. 24 Jan- 115° F “Anything under 110 is now beginning to be looked upon as contemptibly cool.” Wilcannia N.S.W.  Saturday, 25 Jan – 120° F “The thermometer fell 50deg. at Wilcannia, but a death from sunstroke occurred there yesterday.”…

2 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. SOUTH-WESTERN QUEENSLAND. NO ABATEMENT OF TEMPERATURE. FURTHER DEATHS REPORTED. (By Telegraph from our Correspondents.) CHARLEVILLE, January 23.

25 January 1896, The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), page 5

…Charleville or Cunnamulla QLD. 22 Jan – 120.5 ° F (116 °F official ) “The average daily temperature from the 1st instant exceeded 114 degrees.” 25 days!!…

2 citations

COUNTRY NEWS. PORT AUGUSTA, JANUARY 24.

27 January 1896, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), page 6

…Old residents say this is the hottest summer they have ever experienced .” Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ” Two horses dropped dead in style=”FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: calibri; COLOR: #302226″> Broken Hill N.S.W. Wednesday, Jan 22 – 113½° F ”Two horses dropped dead in the street from the effects of the heat.“ Farina S.A. 22 Jan – 113° F “The temperature of our police cell was 148° several times.” Charleville or Cunnamulla QLD. 22 Jan – 120.5 ° F (116 °F official ) “The average daily temperature from the 1st instant exceeded 114 degrees.” 25 days!! Olary S.A. Thursday, 23 Jan – 116° F “and dust flying in clouds during the afternoon.”…

2 citations

HEAT IN THE COUNTRY.

25 January 1896, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), page 12

…in clouds during the afternoon.” Adelaide S.A. 23 Jan – 111° F “Herbert Crown, an ostler at the Langham Hotel, fell down in King William-street this afternoon with sunstroke.” Swan Hill Vic 23 Jan – 116° F “To-day, it is again exceedingly oppressive”. Farina S.A. 23 Jan – 114.3° F “Five deaths have occurred in the town and one outside“. Mildura Vic 23 Jan – 120° F “PHENOMENAL HEAT IN VICTORIA.“ Broken Hill 23 Jan – 115° F “Dr Enill took the temperature of the body an hour and a hall after death, and found that it was 109¾ .” Halbury S.A. 23 Jan – 118° F “Many children are unwell, and it will go hard with them unless a change soon, comes.”.…

4 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. EXPERIENCES OF THE EASTERN COLONIES. CONTINUATION OF TERRIBLE WEATHER. FURTHER DEATHS. MELBOURNE, January 23.

25 January 1896, The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), page 8

…F “To-day, it is again exceedingly oppressive”. Farina S.A. 23 Jan – 114.3° F “Five deaths have occurred in the town and one outside“. Mildura Vic 23 Jan – 120° F “PHENOMENAL HEAT IN VICTORIA.“ Broken Hill 23 Jan – 115° F “Dr Enill took the temperature of the body an hour and a hall after death, and found that it was 109¾ .” Halbury S.A. 23 Jan – 118° F “Many children are unwell, and it will go hard with them unless a change soon, comes.”. Rapanyup Vic 23 Jan – 113° F “To-day it is again exceedingly oppressive“. Natimuk Vic 23 Jan – 115° F ”Telegrams from the country districts show that the heat was general throughout the colony.”(Victoria).…

…F “To-day it is again exceedingly oppressive“. Natimuk Vic 23 Jan – 115° F ”Telegrams from the country districts show that the heat was general throughout the colony.”(Victoria). Bega N.S.W. 23 Jan – 113° F “The minimum heat during last night was 73 .. To-day the heat was terrific In the true shade the reading was 113 at 2pm“. Geelong Vic 23 Jan – 110° F ” Largely due to a burning north-west wind.“ Hergott Springs S.A. 23 Jan “On three different days it showed 118° and three times 116°, the average for the last month having been 113°F. “ Grenfell and Ivanhoe N.S.W. 23 Jan – 122 ° F “At Ivanhoe the heat was so intense that the mail horses fell dead on the road.”…

2 citations

THREE DEATHS FROM HEAT. COLLARENDABRI, Friday.

25 January 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 9

…and one outside“. Mildura Vic 23 Jan – 120° F “PHENOMENAL HEAT IN VICTORIA.“ Broken Hill 23 Jan – 115° F “Dr Enill took the temperature of the body an hour and a hall after death, and found that it was 109¾ .” Halbury S.A. 23 Jan – 118° F “Many children are unwell, and it will go hard with them unless a change soon, comes.”. Rapanyup Vic 23 Jan – 113° F “To-day it is again exceedingly oppressive“. Natimuk Vic 23 Jan – 115° F ”Telegrams from the country districts show that the heat was general throughout the colony.”(Victoria). Bega N.S.W. 23 Jan – 113° F “The minimum heat during last night was 73 .. To-day the heat was terrific In the true shade the reading was 113 at 2pm“.…

2 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. SEVERE WEATHER IN NEW SOUTH WALES. BOURKE SHADE TEMPERATURE 116'. 122' AT GRENFELL LENGTHENING THE DEATH-ROLL COOLER IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA AND VICTORIA Melbourne, January 23.

25 January 1896, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), page 5

…and a hall after death, and found that it was 109¾ .” Halbury S.A. 23 Jan – 118° F “Many children are unwell, and it will go hard with them unless a change soon, comes.”. Rapanyup Vic 23 Jan – 113° F “To-day it is again exceedingly oppressive“. Natimuk Vic 23 Jan – 115° F ”Telegrams from the country districts show that the heat was general throughout the colony.”(Victoria). Bega N.S.W. 23 Jan – 113° F “The minimum heat during last night was 73 .. To-day the heat was terrific In the true shade the reading was 113 at 2pm“. Geelong Vic 23 Jan – 110° F ” Largely due to a burning north-west wind.“…

2 citations

HEAT IN THE FAR NORTH.

29 January 1896, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), page 5

…Jan – 118° F “Many children are unwell, and it will go hard with them unless a change soon, comes.”. Rapanyup Vic 23 Jan – 113° F “To-day it is again exceedingly oppressive“. Natimuk Vic 23 Jan – 115° F ”Telegrams from the country districts show that the heat was general throughout the colony.”(Victoria). Bega N.S.W. 23 Jan – 113° F “The minimum heat during last night was 73 .. To-day the heat was terrific In the true shade the reading was 113 at 2pm“. Geelong Vic 23 Jan – 110° F ” Largely due to a burning north-west wind.“ Hergott Springs S.A. 23 Jan “On three different days it showed 118° and three times 116°, the average for the last month having been 113°F. “…

2 citations

WEATHER IN AUSTRALIA. PHENOMENAL HEAT CONTINUING MANY DEATHS REPORTED. MELBOURNE, FRIDAY.

25 January 1896, Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899), page 8

…week,” So at which town was this garden and non stevenson screen recording? The clue is in the name “Grosvenor” here . Cunnamulla QLD 24 Jan – ” The official record showed a reading on Tuesday of 111 degs. in the shade, on Wednesday 116 degs., and to-day 117 degs. On Wednesday at midnight, the high temperature of 99 degs. was recorded.” Isisford QLD 24 Jan – “The thermometer on Monday rose to 114 degs., on Tuesday to 112 degs., on “Wednesday 115 degs., and to-day 118 degs. The country is very bare and the water is giving out fast.” Wilcannia N.S.W 24 Jan – 123° F “not a breath of wind was stirring during the night”.…

2 citations

THE HEAT IN NEW SOUTH WALES.

28 January 1896, Bairnsdale Advertiser and Tambo and Omeo Chronicle (Vic. : 1882 - 1918), page 2

…the name “Grosvenor” here . Cunnamulla QLD 24 Jan – ” The official record showed a reading on Tuesday of 111 degs. in the shade, on Wednesday 116 degs., and to-day 117 degs. On Wednesday at midnight, the high temperature of 99 degs. was recorded.” Isisford QLD 24 Jan – “The thermometer on Monday rose to 114 degs., on Tuesday to 112 degs., on “Wednesday 115 degs., and to-day 118 degs. The country is very bare and the water is giving out fast.” Wilcannia N.S.W 24 Jan – 123° F “not a breath of wind was stirring during the night”. Hillston N.S.W. 24 Jan- 115° F “Anything under 110 is now beginning to be looked upon as contemptibly cool.”…

2 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. A Few More High Records. The Change General. Further Deaths. A Severe Frost at Yass. Another Heat Wave Developing. [BY TELEGRAPH.] SYDNEY, Wednesday.

15 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 2

…125°F at Middle camp station Netely (Perhaps 160 kilometres south-east of Broken Hill).…

2 citations

The Sydney Morning Herald. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1896.

1 February 1896, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 8

…129°F at Gundabooka Station near Bourke. (or try here) .…

2 citations

Advertising

8 February 1896, Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954), page 4

…129°F at Gundabooka Station near Bourke. (or try here) .…

2 citations

THE WEATHER. HEAT IN NEW SOUTH WALES. SYDNEY, February 1.

3 February 1896, Kalgoorlie Miner (WA : 1895 - 1950), page 3

…129°F at Gundabooka Station near Bourke. (or try here) .…

2 citations

The Heat Wave at Nyngan.

29 February 1896, Warwick Examiner and Times (Qld. : 1867 - 1919), page 4

…125°F at Nelyambo station (Near Nyngan?).…

2 citations

The Heat Wave. STILL HIGH IN THE WEST.

30 January 1896, Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (NSW : 1851 - 1904), page 2

…125°F at White Cliffs .…

2 citations

INTERCOLONIAL NEWS [BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH.] NEW SOUTH WALES. SYDNEY, January 24.

27 January 1896, Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954), page 5

…124°F at New Angeldool ,  Jan 27.…

2 citations

THE HEAT WAVE. [BY TELEGRAPH.] High Records and Many Deaths. Unpleasant Predictions. SYDNEY, Friday.

24 January 1896, Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), page 2

…124°F at Mossgiel (Where is that?).…