TLW's World War II Historyscope

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3 citations

FALL OF BREST-LITOVSK. BOLSHEVIK ADVANCE ON LEMBERG. BERLIN, August 1.

3 August 1920, The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954), page 5

…On Aug. 1, 1920 the Bolsheviks take Brest-Litovsk , and advance on Lemberg; on Aug. 13-25 just when they seem assured of victory, the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle at the Vistula) sees the Bolsheviks under gen. Mikhail Nikolaevich Tukhachevski (1893-1937) defeated by the Poles under gen. (Joseph) Jozef Klemens Pilsudski (1867-1935) , with 10K Bolsheviks killed, 10K wounded, and 66K taken POW vs. 4.5K Poles killed, 22K wounded and 10K missing, turning the Polish-Soviet war around and saving Poland from being gobbled up again, and making Pilsudski into the George Washington of Poland.…

1 citation

VIENNA CONFERENCE. Rome Protocol Powers. POLICY OF COLLABORATION. (FROM OUR SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE.) LONDON, Nov. 10.

11 November 1936, The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), page 16

…their security, becoming known as Scandinavia's Day. In Oct. Hitler announces a Four-Year Economic Plan , making Hermann Goering an economic dictator. In Oct. the Internat. Labor Org. (BIT) holds its 22nd session in Geneva under chmn. Paal Berg of Norway, discussing the minimum wage of children employed as sailors and other naval issues. On Nov. 3 the Swiss govt. outlaws the Communist Party. On Nov. 6 the Siege of Madrid (ends Mar. 28, 1939) begins as Franco's nationalist forces encircle it, causing the Spanish loyalist govt. to move to Valencia while the loyalists dig in. On Nov. 9-12 the Vienna Conference of reps. of the Rome protocol states (Austria, Hungary, Italy) helps Italy consolidate its position in the Danube River Basin. On Nov. 10 the govt. of Argentina outlaws the Communist Party. On Nov. 10 gen. Edward Rydz-Smigly (1886-1941) becomes marshal of Poland and #2 in power after the pres., changing his name to Smigly-Rydz - insert Polish joke here? On Nov. 13 the Franco-Lebanese Treaty recognizes the special status of Lebanon vis a vis Syria. On Nov. 14 Germany denounces internat. control of its waterways and seizes control; only France, Czech. and Yugoslavia protest. On Nov. 16 Joseph Edward Davies…

2 citations

LEUNA OIL PLANT BOMBED Raids Into Germany LONDON, Wednesday.

29 August 1940, Recorder (Port Pirie, SA : 1919 - 1954), page 1

…Odessa-born Great Purge mastermind Andrey Januarevich Vyshinsky (1883-1954) sets up the Latvian Soviet Socialist Repub. (ends Sept. 6, 1991), headed (until 1952) by puppet Augusts Kirhensteins (1872-1963) , going on to arrest 27,586 (most of whom are deported), and shoot 945 in the next year; Vyshinsky becomes a big man with Stalin, who names him deputy people's commissar of foreign affairs in 1904-9, accompanying him to Yalta and Potsdam; U.S. spokesman Sumner Welles (1892-1961) announces the U.S. policy of non-recognition of Soviet annexation, after which 50 countries follow suit. On June 17 (night) British bombers attack the oil installations at Leuna, Germany S of Leipzig. On June 18 the Germans occupy Cherbourg, Briare, Colmar, Le Mans, Nevers, Rennes, and Vannes, while the British bomb Hamburg and Bremen. On June 18 (6:00 p.m.) Brig. Gen. Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970) issues his Appeal of June 18 to the French people via radio from London, talking about how the French govt. is "alleging the defeat of our armies", with the soundbyte: "But has the last word been said? Must we abandon all hope? Is our defeat final? No!", pointing to the "vast empire" of the British and the "immense industrial resources" of the U.S., with…

2 citations

JAPANESE FORCES TAKE PORT SWETTENHAM BURMA FRONT HAS BEEN STRENGTHENED FROM A A P AND OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT SINGAPORE, Thursday.

16 January 1942, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), page 1

…Yugoslavia, driving them 50 mi. S from Olovo to Foca. On Jan. 7 in -40C temps the Soviets launch the Novgorod Offensive N of Lake Ilmen, with the Germans unable to fight back because of frostbite; on Jan. 11 Field Marshal von Leeb begs Hitler to pull back from the exposed Demyansk Pocket , and is refused, trapping 100K Germans, after which von Leeb resigns. On Jan. 9-Feb. 15 the SS murders 10K Jews in Simferopol in the Crimea; really shot on Dec. 9-13? On Jan. 10 Japan declares war on the Netherlands . On Jan. 10 the Japanese occupy Port Swettenham in Malaya, followed on Jan. 11 by Kuala Lumpur . On Jan. 10 the first Jews are sent from Amsterdam to Nazi work camps. On Jan. 11-12 the Japanese capture Tarakan Island off NE Borneo, containing 700 oil wells. On Jan. 11-13 the Japanese capture the key airbase of Manado in Celebes, followed by Rabaul on Jan. 23, New Ireland on Jan. 25, the Solomon Islands on Jan. 26, and Amboina on Jan. 31. On Jan. 12 U.S. Pres. Roosevelt creates the Nat. War Labor Board - it's not the New Deal anymore, it's war? On Jan. 12 the German…

2 citations

LANDING BY ENEMY ON AMBOINA IS. 650m. From Darwin

2 February 1942, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), page 1

…10K Jews in Simferopol in the Crimea; really shot on Dec. 9-13? On Jan. 10 Japan declares war on the Netherlands . On Jan. 10 the Japanese occupy Port Swettenham in Malaya, followed on Jan. 11 by Kuala Lumpur . On Jan. 10 the first Jews are sent from Amsterdam to Nazi work camps. On Jan. 11-12 the Japanese capture Tarakan Island off NE Borneo, containing 700 oil wells. On Jan. 11-13 the Japanese capture the key airbase of Manado in Celebes, followed by Rabaul on Jan. 23, New Ireland on Jan. 25, the Solomon Islands on Jan. 26, and Amboina on Jan. 31. On Jan. 12 U.S. Pres. Roosevelt creates the Nat. War Labor Board - it's not the New Deal anymore, it's war? On Jan. 12 the German Kriegsmarine begins Operation Drum Roll , a U-boat offensive along the U.S. East Coast, sinking many boats close to the shore because of bright lights from the coastal cities that allow them to be silhouetted, the first ship sunk being British merchant ship SS Cyclops ; by the end of Jan. 46 ships (196K tons) are sunk; a gen. blackout is stalled for 6 mo. due to pressure from the tourist…

2 citations

STARAYA RUSSA PERSONAL DEFEAT FOR HITLER Russian Cavalry Pierce Kharkov lines

27 February 1942, Townsville Daily Bulletin (Qld. : 1885 - 1954), page 3

…Nations are committed to the destruction of the militarism of Japan and Germany. We are daily increasing our strength. Soon we, and not our enemies, will have the offensive, and we, not they, will win the final battles, and we, not they, will make the final peace." On Feb. 23 U.S. troops land on the Russell Islands 30 mi. NW of Guadalcanal. On Feb. 23 the Jewish refugee ship Sturma , which picked up 769 refugees in Constanza, Romania sinks after being refused entry into Palestine. On Feb. 24 the Soviets surround and cut off a German army corps in Staraya Russa . On Feb. 24 the Voice of America (VOA) begins broadcasting; "The news might be good, it might be bad, but we will tell you the truth". On Feb. 24-25 the Battle of Los Angeles, Calif. against invading Japanese forces turns out to be a false alarm; it was really a UFO attack? On Feb. 25 the British withdraw from oil-rich Java ; on Feb. 27 the ABDACOM Allied naval task force under Dutch Rear Adm. Karel Willem Frederik Marie Doorman (1889-1942) attacks a Japanese fleet en route to Java in the Java Sea, losing flagship De Ruyter along with…

2 citations

JAPANESE OCCUPY LORENGAU, IN ADMIRALTY ISLANDS From GEORGE H. JOHNSTON, "Argus" War Correspondent

9 April 1942, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), page 1

…Himmler dine at Rastenburg, and agree to take all Germanic children away from their parents in occupied lands and raise them up as good Nazis - the only job I do well is here on the farm? On Apr. 5 654 of 699 Lutheran ministers in Oslo, Norway issue a Declaration of the Sovereignty of God over Nazism and all ideologies, resigning from their govt. posts. On Apr. 6 the Japanese bomb Cocanada (Kakinada) and Vizagapatam in Madras, India; on Dec. 1 the British No. 7 Squadron is based at Vizagapatam (until Mar. 1943). On Apr. 6 Japanese troops occupy Lorengau in the Admiralty Islands 800 mi. from Cape York, Australia. On Apr. 6 HMS King George V and USS Washington rendezvous at Scapa Flow ; when the officers parley, the Yanks are surprised by the the British plan to "head in there just as fast as they could to about 10,000 yards, which for big guns is like shooting a rifle across the room, and letting the enemy have it. This idea of closing the enemy and shooting it out in the Nelsonian tradition was certainly firmly implanted." On Apr. 7 the first 2.5K Jews from Zamosc, Poland are sent…

2 citations

GERMANS ROUTED IN CAUCASUS BATTLE Enemy Suffers 15,000 Casualties LONDON, Friday, AAP

21 November 1942, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), page 20

…many theatres of war that superiority in the air which they have so often used without mercy against other, of which they boasted all round the world, and which they intended to use as an instrument for convincing all other peoples that all resistance to them was hopeless." On Nov. 4 Hitler makes contingency plans if his troops fail to occupy the oilfields of Grozny to have them bombed; too bad, British intel decodes the messages and warns Stalin on Nov. 7; on Nov. 6 the Germans make a last attempt to break through to Grozny, and are repulsed at Ordzhonikidze . You mean all those people are here because of him? On Nov. 8 (a.m.) Hitler's train en route from the Eastern Front to Munich is stopped to give him an urgent message that U.S. forces are landing at Algiers, Oran, and Casablanca, but continues to believe that the real attack will come against Malta, Sicily, or to reinforce Gen. Montgomery, refusing to divert troops; Operation Torch (largest amphibious landing until D-Day), led by U.S. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower begins landing 107K men on 300 warships and 370 merchant ships in French North Africa off Casablanca on 850 ships, invading…

2 citations

HEAVY R.A.F. BOMBING OF GENOA LONDON, Saturday.

16 November 1942, The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), page 1

…(who became a German POW after the fall of Sedan in 1940 and escaped to S France in Apr., then was rescued on Nov. 6 in Operation Minerva by a British sub and taken to Gibraltar); French Vichy troops switch to the U.S. side and advance to Tunisia, where they meet stiff German opposition; by Nov. 11 the Allies have control of 1.3K mi. of the coast from Safi to Algiers; French Jewish actor Jean-Pierre Aumont (1911-2001) participates in Operation Torch, and is wounded twice, receiving a Legion d'Honneur and Croix de Guerre. On Nov. 8 (night) the Allies bomb Genoa, Italy . On Nov. 9 Majdanek (Dublin DL) Concentration Camp outside Lublin, Poland opens for business with 4K Lublin Jews, half of which are sent to labor barracks, the rest gassed, the first of several hundred thousand during the war. On Nov. 9 to stop the Allies from taking Tunisia and opening up the Mediterranean, eliminating the need for rounding the Cape of Good Hope, the Germans rush troops to Bizerta ; on Nov. 12 troops land at Bone ; to defend Tunisia the Germans transfer several hundred transport aircraft from Stalingrad, causing bombers to have to be used for transport,…

2 citations

"BATTLE FOR BIZERTA HAS BEGUN" Algiers Radio Report LONDON, Thursday, AAP.

27 November 1942, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), page 1

…French Jewish actor Jean-Pierre Aumont (1911-2001) participates in Operation Torch, and is wounded twice, receiving a Legion d'Honneur and Croix de Guerre. On Nov. 8 (night) the Allies bomb Genoa, Italy . On Nov. 9 Majdanek (Dublin DL) Concentration Camp outside Lublin, Poland opens for business with 4K Lublin Jews, half of which are sent to labor barracks, the rest gassed, the first of several hundred thousand during the war. On Nov. 9 to stop the Allies from taking Tunisia and opening up the Mediterranean, eliminating the need for rounding the Cape of Good Hope, the Germans rush troops to Bizerta ; on Nov. 12 troops land at Bone ; to defend Tunisia the Germans transfer several hundred transport aircraft from Stalingrad, causing bombers to have to be used for transport, with Hermann Goering uttering the soundbyte: "There died the core of the German bomber fleet"; the Germans also transfer their torpedo bombers from Banak, Norway, diminishing their threat to Allied Arctic convoys. On Nov. 9-12 a naval battle in the Solomon Islands ends in a V for U.S. forces, with one Japanese battleship, five cruisers and 12 transports sunk. On Nov. 10 Winston Churchill gives a speech in London, with…

2 citations

SWIFT RUSSIAN ADVANCE TOWARDS SALSK Retake Hundreds of Square Miles

2 January 1943, Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900 - 1954), page 1

…. On Jan. 18 the Germans launch Operation Harvest Home against Soviet partisans W of Osipovichi. On Jan. 19 the British launch Operation Bunkum , a spy mission on Japanese-occupied Middle Andaman Island 1K mi. SE of Calcutta, which concludes that Japanese brutality makes it ripe for subversion. On Jan. 20 Heinrich Himmler writes the German transport minister begging him to make more trains available for deportation of Jews to death camps; meanwhile 2K are deported from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz, of which 1,760 are gassed - stop being so obvious? On Jan. 21 the Soviets on the Caucasus Front capture Salsk . On Jan. 21 Bletchley Park breaks the German Enigma Porcupine code used for ground-air operations in S Russia. On Jan. 21 German police chief Ferdinand Hugo aus der Funten (Fünten) (1909-89) makes 50 hospital personnel accompany a train of several hundred Jewish mental patients in Apeldoorn, Holland to Auschwitz, promising that they can return home or work in a "really modern mental home"; they are all gassed; on Jan. 27, 1989 the Dutch Parliament votes 85-55 to release him from a life sentence, and he dies on Apr. 19. On Jan. 22 Operation Hamburg results in 1,676 partisans and…

2 citations

FINSCHHAFEN MAKES DEEPER ALLIED WEDGE

24 September 1943, The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954), page 1

…Empire depends more than on any other factor the immediate future of the world" - here here, pip pip, bloody bloody, jolly good and all that rot? In June French Gen. Henri Honore Girard becomes co-pres. of the French Committee of Nat. Liberation (Free French Nat. Committee) with Gen. Charles de Gaulle, then in July becomes CIC of all French forces, causing him to resign his political office in Nov. In June the U.S. Navy begins training Underwater Demolition Teams (UDTs) to do commando work, becoming the precursor of the Navy Seals (1962); their first mission is in Sept. in Finschhafen, New Guinea . On July 1 Hitler returns to Wolf's Lair at Rastenburg and sets July 4 as the date for Operation Citadel, with the soundbytes that Greater Germany "must be defended far beyond our frontiers", and "Where we are, we stay." On July 2 the Germans launch Operation Gunther against Soviet partisans in the Smolensk area. On July 4 Polish Gen. Wladyslaw Eugeniusz Sikorski (b. 1881) , leader of the Free Poles is killed during takeoff in his RAF Liberator bomber in Gibraltar; both Stalin and Churchill are suspected of being behind it - he thought it was a helicopter and…

2 citations

RUSSIANS ADVANCE IN SUBURBS OF STALINO KONOTOP CAPTURED GERMAN FRONT SPLIT IN TWO

8 September 1943, The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), page 3

…to his brain? On Sept. 5 2K U.S. and Australian paratroopers occupy Nazdab, New Guinea , and build an airstrip; on Sept. 6-7 20K Japanese are encircled near Lae, then the Japanese airfield at Salamaua is captured on Sept. 13-14, followed on Sept. 16 by Lae , then Finschhafen on the Huon Peninsula on the E coast of New Guinea on Sept. 22-Dec. 8. On Sept. 6 the Soviets recapture Stalino (Donetsk) , and Kramatorsk . On Sept. 6 the Soviets seize Konotop, Russia , forcing the Germans to evacuate the Don River Basin, instituting a scorched earth policy, evacuating Stalino, Russia on Sept. 7. On Sept. 7 987 Jews are deported to Auschwitz from Westerbork Camp in Holland, incl. Esther "Etty" Hillesum (1914-43) , who throws a postcard from the train with the soundbyte "We left the camp singing"; she dies on Nov. 30; her letters and diaries are pub. in 1981. On Sept. 7 (night) Allied bombers bomb Brussels, killing Brussels Comet line leader Baron Jean Greindl (AKA Nemo), who was arrested on Feb. 6. On Sept. 8 (a.m.) Hitler flies to Army Group South HQ at Zaporozhe, where Field Marshal von Manstein runs down the numbers on Soviet military…

2 citations

HALF OF MOGAUNG CAPTURED

27 June 1944, Townsville Daily Bulletin (Qld. : 1885 - 1954), page 1

…Adm. Walter Hennecke (1898-1984) orders the destruction of all port facilities, getting a Knight's Cross from Hitler; on June 26 von Schlieben and 800+ troops surrender to U.S. Maj. Gen. Manton Sprague Eddy (1892-1962) , cmdr. of the U.S. 9th Infantry Div.; on June 27 the dockyard surrenders, but some Germans strongholds remain, and they surrender on June 29 incl. Hennecke; von Schlieben is taken back to England and paraded around in Trent Park as a propaganda V. On June 26 after 700 bombers kill 6K German troops, the Soviets occupy Vitebsk, Russia . On June 26 Allied troops occupy Mogaung, Burma , becoming the first town in Burma recaptured from the Japanese; on July 4 they occupy Myitkyina, Burma . On June 26 the Germans deport 485 Jews from Fossoli and Verona, Italy to Auschwitz; on June 30 1,153 more are deported from Paris; by now 381K Jews have been transported to Auschwitz, 250K being gassed. On June 26 German zoology prof. (Jewish convert) Walther Arndt (b. 1891) is executed for uttering the soundbyte: "This is the end of the Third Reich, and the guilty can now be brought to punishment." On June 27 the Soviets occupy Mogilev in White Russia,…

2 citations

BEYOND BRESLAU. SIGNIFICANT MOVES. Near Motor Road to Capital.

8 February 1945, The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), page 5

…social system. Everyone imposes his own system as far as his army can reach"; Churchill's daughter says that being with him and FDR "was like sitting between two lions roaring at the same time". On Feb. 5 former (current?) NKVD agent (since 1940) Ain-Ervin Mere (1903-69) , head of the Estonian secret police since 1943 founds the Nazi-collaborating Eesti Vabadusliit with Estonian SS cmdr. Gen. Harald Riipalu (Reibach) (1912-61) ; after the war they are sentenced to death but flee to Britain, where they stay for life. On Feb. 5 (night) the Red Army crosses the Oder River again at Brieg 25 mi. S of Breslau. On Feb. 7 the Soviets cross the Oder River again at Furstenberg (Fürstenberg) 60 mi. from Berlin. On Feb. 7 minutes after Gen. MacArthur visits Santo Tomas POW Camp in the Philippines (whose 3.7K POWs were liberated on Feb. 4), the Japanese shell it for two days. On Feb. 8 Canadian forces launch Operation Veritable to drive S from Nijmegen and force the Germans from the W bank of the Upper Rhine (ends Mar. 11). On Feb. 8 the Allies bomb Goch (final objective of Operation Veritable), Kleef (Kleve) (Cleves) , Kalkar , and Reichswald…

2 citations

OROKU PENINSULA TAKEN

15 June 1945, Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954), page 1

…over to Tito under the pretense that they are being sent to Italy; they are shipped in locked trains to Slovenia and then shot and buried in mass graves. In May-Aug. U.S. land and carrier-based aircraft begin the greatest air offensive in history, destroying the Japanese navy and industry; the U.S. 20th Air Force drops 40K tons of bombs in Japanese industrial centers in 1 mo. - how about in 1 sec.? On June 3 after the Japanese run low on rations, causing discontent, U.S. Marines seize the Iheya Islands N of Okinawa on June 4 they land on the Oroku Peninsula , fighting 5K Japanese for 10 days and killing 4K vs. 1,608 U.S. soldiers KIA; on June 13 the cmdr. Adm. Minoru Ota (b. 1891) commits suicide in the HQ cave along with 200 others; on June 5 a typhoon damages four U.S. battleships and eight aicraft carriers; battleship USS Missouri and heavy cruiser Louisville are seriously damaged by Japanese kamikazes. On June 3-14 Japanese envoy (former PM in 1936-7) Koki Hirota (1878-1948) meets with the Soviet ambassador in Tokyo to propose a new relationship between the two countries and divide Asia between them - like finding love on The…

2 citations

ISHAN FALLS TO CHINESE From Our Own Correspondent and A A P

16 June 1945, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), page 1

…war to the bitter end"; on June 9 Japanese PM (since Apr. 7) Kantaro Suzuki declares that Japan will fight to the last man rather than accept unconditional surrender like the inferior German Master Race did; he later flip-flops and fights the military faction in the cabinet in order to negotiate peace with the Allies, which only causes them to plan his assassination - better stock up on SPF-googol sunscreen? On June 8 (night) U.S. troops attack Yuza Hill and Kunishi Ridge on Okinawa, meeting fierce resistance; on June 11 (night) they attack again. On June 10 Chinese troops occupy I-Shan, China , pushing the Japanese towards Liuchow. On June 10 Burmese partisans led by British officers drive the Japanese from Loilem, Burma in the Shan Mts. On June 10 Australian forces land on Labuan Island in North Borneo. On June 11 the Soviets forcibly expel 700K Sudeten Germans from Czech. - haw-haw on Hitler? On June 12 Schiermonnikoog Island becomes the last part of Holland to be liberated by the Allies. On June 13 Operation Oboe III sees the Australians liberate Brunei, Borneo . On June 13 future "Captain Kangaroo" actor Robert James "Bob" Keeshan (1927-2004) enlists in the U.S. Marine…

2 citations

Surrender Of Padang Today

21 October 1945, Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954), page 1

…defeated after a lobbying effort by the Assoc. of Manhattan Project Scientists, led by Francis Bonner and Irving Kaplan in favor of a civilian atomic energy org. On Oct. 6 Gen Eisenhower is welcomed in The Hague on Hitler's train. On Oct. 6 the British hang five German POWs in Pentonville Prison in London for murdering a suspected traitor in the ranks during an attempted breakout in 1944. On Oct. 6 Japanese troops surrender in Jesselton, Borneo , followed on Oct. 9 in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands , on Oct. 19 in Mergui, Burma , on Oct. 21 in Padang, Sumatra , and Oct. 25 in Thaton, Burma . On Oct. 8 Pres. Truman announces that the secret of the atomic bomb will be shared only with Britain and Canada - the Soviet Union doesn't need any help with all its spies? On Oct. 10 the Japanese garrison in Peking (Beijing) surrenders to the Chinese army. On Oct. 11 negotiations between Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek and Communist leader Mao Tse-tung break down, and a civil war begins. On Oct. 18 the Internat. Military Tribunal (judges from the U.S., Soviet Union, Britain, and France) meets in Nuremberg in Bavaria (home of torchlight…